According to Dictionary.com, "Misinformation refers to false information, regardless of whether or not it’s intended to mislead or deceive people. Disinformation, in contrast, refers to false information that’s spread with the specific intent of misleading or deceiving people." The word "misinformation" is often used as an umbrella term for both. This page is a guide to trustworthy resources for learning about, spotting, and fighting misinformation.
Factcheck.org A non-profit organization that is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania
Politifact.com Started at the Tampa Bay Times, Politifact is now administered by the non-profit Poynter Institute
Snopes.com Beginning in the 1990's as a debunker of urban legends and hoaxes, Snopes has now expanded its reach to fact-checking all types of misinformation
Associated Press Fact Check The fact-checking page of the Associated Press, a longstanding non-profit news agency
Reuters Fact Check The fact-checking page of the international news agency
Washington Post Fact Checker A fact-checking column maintained by journalist Glenn Kessler
USA Today Fact Check The fact-checking page for USA Today newspaper
Lead Stories An independent fact-checking website focusing on currently-trending stories
The Dispatch Fact Check The fact-checking page at the online magazine The Dispatch, started by former staffers of the Weekly Standard
* Because not all websites and publications claiming to be fact-checkers really are committed to facts, the links above are limited to organizations that are signatories of the International Fact-Checking Network’s Code of Principles. The International Fact-Checking Network is an international association of fact-checking organizations, administered by the Poynter Institute. To search for other signatories around the world, click here.
Spotting misinformation is one aspect of a broader set of skills known as media literacy or news literacy. Briefly, media literacy is the ability to understand and evaluate information in the mass media (TV, websites, social media, radio, newspapers, etc.) whereas news literacy focuses on the news media in particular. These terms are often used interchangeably, and the sites below are excellent resources for becoming more news/media literate.
News Literacy Project A non-profit organization devoted to increasing news literacy among students and the public
Center for an Informed Public. University of Washington A center whose mission is "to resist strategic misinformation, promote an informed society, and strengthen democratic discourse."
Duke Reporter’s Lab A center for journalism research with a focus on fact-checking. Maintains a map of fact-checking organizations worldwide.
Allsides Assesses the political leanings of news sources, and curates a stream of articles on current events from sources on the left, right, and center.
Media Bias / Fact Check Ranks news sources along a left to right spectrum, and also discusses pseudoscience and conspiracy sources
TinEye A search engine for images
Google Images An image search engine from Google
Tools that Fight Disinformation Online: Rand Corporation An extensive list of websites, organizations, and applications for identifying mis/disinformation
Checkology News literacy classes and curriculum materials, for students, teachers, and the general public. From the News Literacy Project
MediaWise Education Resources Online courses and curriculum materials developed by MediaWise
Fighting Misinformation: The Great Courses (Available through DPL via Kanopy)