Research en Welcome to the Library, Baby <span>Welcome to the Library, Baby</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/09/Welcome%20Baby.JPG?itok=TcI-oQWd" width="200" height="135" alt="pastel yellow background with multicolor &quot;A, B, C&quot; blocks and text that reads: Welcome Baby - Birth to age 1" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/dbrooks" lang="" about="/users/dbrooks" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">dbrooks</a></span> <span>September 8, 2021</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><h2>Welcome Baby<br /> Birth to age 1</h2> <p>Babies learn by exploring and Denver Public Library is a great start.</p> <p>We want to congratulate you on your growing family as well as invite you to take advantage of the many resources available to support baby’s developing reading and language skills.</p> <p>Plus, stop by <a href="">your local branch</a> to set up your baby’s library card.</p> <p><a href="">LENA Start</a><br /> Interactive talk for early brain development</p> <p>Virtual Baby storytime<br /> <a href="">Live </a>and <a href="">pre-recorded</a> stories, songs, rhymes&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;<br /> <a href="">Virtual Little University</a><br /> Play and learn with art, STEM, movement, and more!<br /> &nbsp;<br /> <a href="">Diversion en español</a><br /> Movement, music, arts, and science in Spanish!</p> <p><a href="">Best &amp; Brightest Books of 2020</a><br /> Annual listing of new engaging books</p> <p><a href="">MakeMake Spanish eBooks for Children</a><br /> +400 authentic spanish children’s books</p> <p><a href="">Phone-a-Story</a><br /> Pre-recorded stories, songs and rhymes 24/7 at 720.865.8500<br /> &nbsp;</p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/kids" hreflang="en">Kids</a></div> </div> <section> </section> Wed, 08 Sep 2021 16:59:57 +0000 dbrooks 577189 at Read an eBook Week? Like You Need a Reason... <span>Read an eBook Week? Like You Need a Reason...</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/digitalbook.JPG?itok=fNS8B5tw" width="200" height="125" alt="image: ebook on kindle" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/dodie" lang="" about="/users/dodie" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Dodie</a></span> <span>February 26, 2021</span> <div class="field field--name-field-multiple-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/nimona.jpg?itok=Cz7ruCt1" width="200" height="295" alt="cover: nimona" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/diario%20de%20greg.jpg?itok=UWJeTm9n" width="200" height="294" alt="cover: diario de greg" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/hollow%20kingdom.jpg?itok=OZZwXHJW" width="200" height="200" alt="cover; hollow kingdom" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/how%20we%20live%20now.jpg?itok=IFkTsnIH" width="200" height="267" alt="cover: how we live now" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2021/02/rhythm.jpg?itok=vrn4JdIu" width="200" height="267" alt="cover: rhythm" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Apparently,&nbsp;March 1st&nbsp;kicks off <a href="">Read an eBook Week</a>. It is a time when publishers and authors offer thousands of original eBooks for free and at deep discounts to encourage book lovers around the globe to give eBooks a try. Well, umm, not to be indelicate, but look over <a href="">here</a> - probably close to 100,000 ebooks and eaudio books, available every day of the year! Stuff for kids to teens to adults, in Spanish and English&nbsp;and multiple formats - for free, was that mentioned?</p> <p>A few gems worth&nbsp;pointing out:</p> <p><em><a data-saferedirecturl=",1554255&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1614317266572000&amp;usg=AFQjCNEO5Ll_pIOjkL6Gt2y6rtjR1v7NOQ" href=",1554255" target="_blank">Nimona</a>&nbsp;</em>is&nbsp;a graphic novel for adults and teens available in both ebook and eaudio format. Nimona&nbsp;is a delightfully chaotic shapeshifter who nominates herself for the position of ‘sidekick’ to supervillain Lord Ballister Blackheart. Together they have adventures, hatch evil (or not so evil) plans, play board games, attend science fairs, and maybe save the world.</p> <p>Really, another&nbsp;<a href=";page=2&amp;sortBy=relevance"><em>Diary of a Wimpy Kid</em></a>&nbsp;book? Jeff Kinney probably had no idea how hot this series would become, which basically centers around Rowley and best friend Greg who experience what every middle schooler encounters, but funnier. Available in eaudio too and perfect for a spring break family road trip, complete with embarrassing moments guaranteed to keep everyone quiet for 30 miles or so.</p> <p>I just loved <a href=""><em>Hollow Kingdom</em></a> by Kyra Jane Buxton. Oh my, this book has everything. And the audio is so so much fun, narrated by Robert Petkoff, telling the story from the perspective of S.T., a crow. This is totally "The Secret Life of Pets meets The Walking Dead", a big-hearted, boundlessly beautiful romp through the Apocalypse, where a foul-mouthed crow is humanity's only chance to survive Seattle's zombie problem. Wow, substitute Seattle for Portland, and... I saw this bit of a review and have to agree with it&nbsp;- "I have never laughed so hard for the end of mankind."</p> <p>What is the rest of our staff recommending? You can check out our <a href="">staff picks</a> every month on Overdrive - it's a long and diverse list!</p> <p>As mentioned, Spanish language ebook and eaudio content is also available - everything from book club reads like&nbsp;<a href=""><em>Perdida</em></a>&nbsp;by Gillian Flynn to the entire&nbsp;<em>Harry Potter</em>&nbsp;<a href=";sortBy=newlyadded">series</a>&nbsp;to <a href=";subject=111&amp;language=es&amp;sortBy=releasedate">nonfiction</a> bestsellers, like Barack Obama's<em> Una Fierra Prometida</em>.</p> <p>Do magazines count? It's my blog so I say Yes! Check out our digital magazine collections at <a href=";sid=d614e6ef-4193-46f2-bf3b-99af085b784d%40sessionmgr103">Flipster</a>.and <a href="">Overdrive</a>. From 5280 Home to Popular Mechanics, DPL has you covered.</p> <p>Questions? Hit us up at <a href="">AskUs</a>!</p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/books" hreflang="en">Books</a>, </span> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a>, </span> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/teen" hreflang="en">Teen</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/ebooks" hreflang="en">ebooks</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/audio-ebooks" hreflang="en">audio eBooks</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/overdrive" hreflang="en">Overdrive</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/digital-editions" hreflang="en">digital editions</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/kindle" hreflang="en">kindle</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/kobo" hreflang="en">kobo</a></div> </div> <section> </section> Sat, 27 Feb 2021 05:01:22 +0000 Dodie 556249 at Plaza Voices: Not Meant to Eat Alone <span>Plaza Voices: Not Meant to Eat Alone</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/12/cuisine-culinary-cultural-culture-dining-dinner-1436091-pxhere.com_.jpg?itok=ylVMcdLE" width="200" height="133" alt="Photo of meal" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/plaza-voices" lang="" about="/users/plaza-voices" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Plaza Voices</a></span> <span>December 15, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>By Breanne Vailes</strong></p> <p>With the U.S. holiday season’s meals and traditions approaching, some Plaza staff started a conversation about what eating together means in their cultures. This is a two-part blog depicting Plaza staff’s perspectives, with the first focusing on family mealtimes and the second including larger communal meal settings. Heartfelt thanks goes to the following contributors -- Walid Alani (Iraq), Ernesto Escarsega (Mexico), Senaye Gebremichael (Ethiopia), Deeksha Nagar (India), and Warren Ramos (Philippines).</p> <p>Every contributor touched on a major theme -- the idea of togetherness. People within these cultures always eat with others. Senaye shared that family members are “not meant to eat alone” and it is “actually frowned upon if you’re eating by yourself.” Deeksha similarly shared, “When we are traveling by train, people share food with each other. It is not regarded as appropriate to eat by yourself without offering food to a person sitting next to you in public spaces such as a park or in a bus.”</p> <p><strong>Food and Relationships</strong><br /> The physical act of sharing food reinforces relationships in Ethiopia and India. For instance, someone in Ethiopia can place a bite of food into another person’s mouth as a sign of respect in an action called “gursha” which means “give thanks.” People do this for friends, family members, and even those they just met. To accept is to partake in mutual respect and thanksgiving, and to reject the offer is a sign of disrespect. Deeksha shared that her grandmother showed love by feeding her grandchildren by hand.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Relational Meal Settings</strong><br /> On a practical level, the orientation of the meal setting itself can be communal. For example, with all of the food in the middle of the floor, the host divvies out the food within Arabic culture, and, as for utensils, family members partake from a shared dish with their hands. Similarly, Ernesto shared that eating with tortillas instead of utensils is common in Mexico. From Deeksha’s experience, implements such as forks and spoons are a sign of modernity in India, but eating by hand is seen as the way to truly participate in a traditional meal.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> <strong>Cultural Values at Mealtime</strong><br /> Family meals often display the principles and beliefs of a culture. In Warren’s and Ernesto’s families, the meal always begins with saying grace. According to Deeksha, in traditional Hindu families, the first bite of food either is placed on the floor to honor Mother Nature or is given to the birds. Warren shared that wasting any food, even a few grains of rice, would be shameful in his Catholic culture. In addition, mealtime superstitions in the Philippines are said to predict who will arrive. If a fork is dropped on the ground, a man will arrive, and a spoon foretells that a woman will.&nbsp;</p> <p>All of these cultural experiences indicate that family meals are more than opportunities for nutritional nourishment, mealtimes display deep meaning of respect and care for one another. At the heart of the traditions above, people need other people in order to survive. As humans must eat to live, people in these cultures must eat together to live well. Mealtimes and community -- there is not much of a difference between the two.</p> <p><strong>Plazas are an open community space where migrants from all over the world connect with people, information, and resources, building Denver’s global community. Come to practice a language, prepare for citizenship, pursue your goals, and create your future. Whatever you’re doing, we can help! Please see our <a href="">web page</a> for more information.</strong></p> <p><strong>TIP: To learn more about world food&nbsp;traditions,&nbsp;try <a href="">searching our catalog</a> for "food habits," plus the region or country you are interested in. For instance, "<a href=";type=Keyword&amp;term=food%20habits%20india&amp;by=KW&amp;sort=RELEVANCE&amp;limit=(TOM=bks%20NOT%20TOM=ebk)&amp;query=&amp;page=0&amp;searchid=13">Food Habits - India</a>." To check out an item, simply place it&nbsp;on hold, and make an appointment for <a href="">curbside pickup</a>!</strong></p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/plaza-voices" hreflang="en">Plaza Voices</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/plaza" hreflang="en">Plaza</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/plazas" hreflang="en">plazas</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/food" hreflang="en">food</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/community-technology-center" hreflang="en">community technology center</a></div> </div> <section> </section> Tue, 15 Dec 2020 16:51:32 +0000 Plaza Voices 503378 at Final Chapter of the Sand Creek Massacre <span>Final Chapter of the Sand Creek Massacre</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/Silas%20S%20Soule.JPG?itok=AnuAs0-h" width="200" height="284" alt="photo: Silas S Soule" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/dodie" lang="" about="/users/dodie" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Dodie</a></span> <span>November 27, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-field-multiple-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/Attack%20on%20Black%20Kettle%20Camp.JPG?itok=JhLwpWkV" width="200" height="124" alt="image: Black Kettle Camp" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/Sand%20Creek%20Monument.JPG?itok=PpM4RFyk" width="200" height="158" alt="image: Sand Creek Battle monument" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/Spiritual%20Healing%20Run.JPG?itok=Gm_lfbEr" width="200" height="158" alt="photo: spiritual healing run" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em><span><span><span><span><span><span>Warning: the following contains scenes of graphic violence.</span></span></span></span></span></span></em></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>On December 1st Chivington had his troops march out heading for an Arapaho camp along the Arkansas. The camp was burned on the 30th and some isolated killing happened that day, but little else. He had suffered 10 dead and 40 wounded, the wounded being sent back to the fort. How many Cheyenne and Arapaho died is debatable, but most accept around 150, some going as high as 200 or more.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Chivington never found the Arapaho he was after, arriving back in Denver on the January 22, having a victory parade, paid for by several prominent Denver citizens. Scalps were displayed on poles; Chivington had a live eagle on a pole for himself in the parade. With their term expired, the Third Cavalry disbanded. Chivington claimed a great victory, claiming he killed between five hundred and six hundred Indians and denied later at the hearing there were any women and children killed.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>In his after action report Chivington called out Cpt. Soule for disobeying orders. Chivington was hailed a hero for a time but soon Soule, Cramer and Wynkoop, who were informed by the two officers, got word out by letters. Once Congress found out what happened they summoned Governor Evans, who was in Washington at the time, to answer. A Congressional Hearing was launched and the written testimony of Soule and Cramer and others, including John Smith was used. Chivington stuck to his statement, later saying “I stand with Sand Creek.” Chivington’s term as Colonel expired and he returned to civilian life, escaping any action the military court could take against him. He was however condemned by many. Some of his supporters denied seeing any women and children killed, Another denied knowing of Chivington’s plans. Another major took the ‘just following orders’ excuse. Governor Evans was forced to resign as Governor.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Another controversy was Jack Smith’s fate. Anthony claimed that Jack had taken ill that night and died. However his father, John, and Jim Beckworth, who was made to act as a scout for Chivington, contradicted this, as did others. Jack Smith was threatened by soldiers after the attack according to John Smith. The next day John was called away from the lodge where his son was being kept, leaving Beckworth with him. John stated he heard a single pistol shot when he left. Beckworth collaborated this saying someone shot into the lodge hitting Jack, Beckworth fleeing for his life at the first shot.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Soule would get assassinated by a member of the Third, the assassin being caught in New Mexico, and brought back to Denver. He however either escaped or was let out before being brought to trial. He was never seen or heard from again. There were plenty of suspicions that Chivington could have had something to do with the assassination. Soule’s grave is visited each year for the anniversary of Sand Creek by members of the Cheyenne and Arapaho to honor him for speaking out. They do this during the annual <a href="">Sand Creek Healing</a> run, a relay race that runs from Sand Creek back to Denver to honor the victims -- the relay still runs to this day every year.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>For the whole story, see parts <a href="">one</a> and <a href="">two</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><em>Guest blog contributed by Brian Johnson.</em></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p> </p></div> <ul class="links inline list-inline"><li class="comment-add"><a href="/blog/research/dodie/final-chapter-sand-creek-massacre#comment-form" title="Share your thoughts and opinions." hreflang="en">Add new comment</a></li></ul> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/cultural-inclusivity" hreflang="en">Cultural Inclusivity</a>, </span> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/sand-creek-massacre" hreflang="en">Sand Creek Massacre</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/silas-soule" hreflang="en">silas soule</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/arapaho" hreflang="en">Arapaho</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/third-cavalry" hreflang="en">Third Cavalry</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/cheyenne" hreflang="en">Cheyenne</a></div> </div> <section> <h2>Comments</h2> <article data-comment-user-id="0" id="comment-10254" about="/comment/10254" typeof="schema:Comment" class="js-comment"> <mark class="hidden" data-comment-timestamp="1607019572"></mark> <footer> <p><span rel="schema:author"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Jim Ramsey</span></span> on December 3, 2020 <span property="schema:dateCreated" content="2020-12-03T18:19:32+00:00" class="hidden"></span> </p> </footer> <div> <div class="field field--name-comment-body field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Comment</div> <div property="schema:text" class="field--item"><p>Dodie, Thank you so much for a great series. It is so sad, but needs to be remembered.</p> </div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderLinks" arguments="0=10254&amp;1=default&amp;2=en&amp;3=" token="KzZrHw9KTKTrTlzof9icMfP40YvGHUdQD0WjZJKZucw"></drupal-render-placeholder> </div> </article> <div class="indented"> <article data-comment-user-id="0" id="comment-10255" about="/comment/10255" typeof="schema:Comment" class="js-comment"> <mark class="hidden" data-comment-timestamp="1607026924"></mark> <footer> <p><span rel="schema:author"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Dorothy</span></span> on December 3, 2020 <span property="schema:dateCreated" content="2020-12-03T20:22:04+00:00" class="hidden"></span> </p> <p class="visually-hidden">In reply to <a href="/comment/10254#comment-10254" class="permalink" rel="bookmark" hreflang="en">Dodie, Thank you so much for…</a> by <span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Jim Ramsey</span></p> </footer> <div> <div class="field field--name-comment-body field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Comment</div> <div property="schema:text" class="field--item"><p>Thanks James! Brian Johnson and colleagues on the Cultural Inclusivity team came up with the idea - I was just the expediter. I agree that it is an important story that needs to be heard.</p> </div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderLinks" arguments="0=10255&amp;1=default&amp;2=en&amp;3=" token="uKJUTlUhSTQhHPWf7dNlG3d50dndDewLmrKGoLsYYSw"></drupal-render-placeholder> </div> </article> </div> <article data-comment-user-id="0" id="comment-10302" about="/comment/10302" typeof="schema:Comment" class="js-comment"> <mark class="hidden" data-comment-timestamp="1628130513"></mark> <footer> <p><span rel="schema:author"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Michele</span></span> on August 4, 2021 <span property="schema:dateCreated" content="2021-08-05T02:28:33+00:00" class="hidden"></span> </p> </footer> <div> <div class="field field--name-comment-body field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Comment</div> <div property="schema:text" class="field--item"><p>looking at this to what happened at the Sand Creek brings sorrow to my heart that this unforgiving and should never happened.</p> </div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderLinks" arguments="0=10302&amp;1=default&amp;2=en&amp;3=" token="R_y23F7abo1NGn5lvlhR-v8-qXE5vfWTkItUFlGMXB4"></drupal-render-placeholder> </div> </article> <h2>Leave a comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=490275&amp;2=comment_no_subject&amp;3=comment" token="gLbO4vLZbz2lH55T5ZE67SsqfH7phRTsJPyLedNKLxg"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Fri, 27 Nov 2020 15:09:15 +0000 Dodie 490275 at Sand Creek Massacre <span>Sand Creek Massacre</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/sand%20creek%20monument.jpg?itok=1EZjgCKx" width="200" height="150" alt="photo: sand creek monument" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/dodie" lang="" about="/users/dodie" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Dodie</a></span> <span>November 24, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-field-multiple-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/sand%20creek%20oil%20painting.JPG?itok=lc7IKE2S" width="200" height="119" alt="image: sand creek massacre" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/scott%20anthony.JPG?itok=NICW0toS" width="200" height="311" alt="photo: Scott Anthony" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/George%20Bent%20and%20Magpie.JPG?itok=0Evft5AG" width="200" height="269" alt="photo: George Bent and wife Magpie" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em>Warning: the following contains scenes of graphic violence.</em></p> <p>At the appointed time, 8 PM, November 28th, Chivington set out with around 700 men, consisting of both 1st and 3rd Colorado Cavalry, along with four 12 pound Mountain Howitzers. They rode through the night in very cold and snowy conditions and arrived at Sand Creek at dawn of the 29th. The Native village was camped along the creek -- the creek itself was mostly dry. Inside the village was a private from Fort Lyon who had been given permission by Anthony to visit the village a few days prior, along with interpreter John Smith, who was visiting his Cheyenne wife and halfblood son Jack. Another mixed blood present was George Bent (son of William Bent and Owl Woman, a Cheyenne), who survived the war and told of his life years later. These men provided an idea of what happened inside the village. John Smith and the private present testified at the hearings the following year. The village is estimated to have had about 700-800 people, mostly elderly, women and children. Both Cheyenne and Arapaho were present.</p> <p>Barking dogs alerted the inhabitants of Chivington's presence. Once he saw he was spotted, Chivington sent his troops to circle around the village, one group moving to cut the pony herd away from the village. Two of the howitzers fired grape shot into the village. George Bent says  ‘ the camps themselves all was confusion and noise-men, women, and children running out of the lodges partly dressed;’ Bent describes the desperate attempt by the men to protect their family. He mentions how Black Kettle came from his lodge and raised the American flag he was given along with a white flag over his lodge (or placed them on a pole and waved it). He then tried to calm his people. White Antelope ran to the dry stream bed and placed his arms over his chest to signal peace. White Antelope was gunned down and later his scrotum was removed to make a tobacco pouch. During the attack One Eye, who had ridden to Fort Lyon to seek peace, was killed. Black Kettle and his wife managed to escape, but she was badly wounded. Other important peace chiefs were killed. The Arapaho Left Hand received a fatal injury that he died from later.</p> <p>Quickly the village was overwhelmed and men, women and children fled to the west sand hills where people hastily dug pits for protection. Chivington later claimed it was premade defenses but testimony from the ones in the village show it was instead made in desperation. With the men shooting back at the soldiers the howitzers were brought up and fired into the pits, killing even more women and children trying to hide. Bent, on his retreat to the sand hills mentions ‘Many of the people had proceeded up the creek, and the dry bed of the stream was now a terrible sight: men, women, and children lying thinly scattered on the sand, some dead and the rest too badly wounded to move.’ Bent received a near fatal injury with a bullet to the hip during this altercation as well.</p> <p>Cpt. Soule and Lt. Cramer, seeing the battle as an unprovoked attack, held their company back and refused to take part. Cramer had used the excuse of a cross fire to pull his company back to prevent friendly fire. Soule was heard to condemn the attack.</p> <p>John Smith and his soldier companion tried to stop the attack, only to be shot at themselves and forced into a lodge where they hid under buffalo robes. Eventually they were able to join with the army for protection during the looting. Jack Smith was taken prisoner. The killing went on for the rest of the day. Once the majority of the fighting stopped, around 3 pm, the mutilations began. Looting of the village also took place as soldiers hunted for trophies.</p> <p>John Smith testified that both men from the 1st and 3rd took part in the mutilations. Scalps were taken, along with ears and fingers for jewelry decorations. Fingers were cut off for the rings the victims wore. Cramer wrote later ‘..a squaw ripped open and a child taken from her, little children shot, while begging for their lives..’ added later in the letter ‘..things that Indians would be ashamed to do.’ Women’s bodies were also mutilated by having vaginas and uteruses removed to be hung on hats or spread upon saddles. Soule and Cramer also testified that the wounded had their brains beat out. There are no reports of rape in this encounter. There was also mention by several participants of a baby being put in a feed box and eventually dumped along the road to Denver to die of exposure.</p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The night for the Cheyenne and Arapaho survivors was terrible. Without their village and supplies they were left exposed in the cold winter night. George Bent remembers that night saying “That was the worst night I ever went through. There we were on the bleak, frozen plain, without any shelter whatever and not a stick of wood to build a fire with. Most of us were wounded and half naked; even those who had time to dress when the attack came, had lost their buffalo robes and blankets during the fight.” They slept for a  time, but unable to take the cold wind started walking again, the nearest camp being over fifty miles away. They were also fearful of pursuit. However some men had escaped with horses and rode to a camp on the Smoky Hill river. A large group set out to help rescue the survivors, bringing buffalo robes, food and spare horses. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Check back for the <a href="">conclusion</a> later this week, and if you missed part one, <a href="">click here</a>.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span><em>Guest blog submitted by Brian Johnson.</em></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p></div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/cultural-inclusivity" hreflang="en">Cultural Inclusivity</a>, </span> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/sand-creek-massacre" hreflang="en">Sand Creek Massacre</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/cheyenne" hreflang="en">Cheyenne</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/george-bent" hreflang="en">George Bent</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/arapaho" hreflang="en">Arapaho</a></div> </div> <section> <h2>Leave a comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=488159&amp;2=comment_no_subject&amp;3=comment" token="LI2GdNSIMwBDVsr42oEgJ0J1UMPqe5OtjE4oBVH3hS8"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Tue, 24 Nov 2020 20:57:17 +0000 Dodie 488159 at Prelude to the Sand Creek Massacre <span>Prelude to the Sand Creek Massacre</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/john%20chivington.JPG?itok=Bp_ydn39" width="200" height="299" alt="photo: john chivington" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/dodie" lang="" about="/users/dodie" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Dodie</a></span> <span>November 23, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-field-multiple-images field--type-image field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/camp%20weld%20council.JPG?itok=Qr-EGVyw" width="200" height="197" alt="photo: camp weld council" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <div class="field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/11/camp%20weld%20council%202.JPG?itok=9zbT4J46" width="200" height="131" alt="photo: camp weld council" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>November 29th, 1864 is a day of infamy in Colorado and one of the most controversial events in Colorado history. There is still debate on whether or not Sand Creek is a massacre or a battle.</p> <p>The Cheyenne and Arapaho Found themselves dealing with an influx of newcomers when the Pikes Peak Gold Rush of 1858 brought waves of immigrants into what was then Kansas territory, Colorado territory after 1861. The Cheyenne and Arapaho signed the 1861 Treaty of Fort Wise, which confined them to southeastern Colorado on a reservation. For the Natives 1862 was quiet, hunger and disease dominating their year. Colorado had joined the Union in the Civil War and sent troops to New Mexico to repel Confederate invaders at La Glorieta Pass; they returned as war heros with Major, soon promoted to Colonel and commander of Colorado’s forces (skipping Lt. Col), John Chivington.</p> <p>Trouble began in 1864. With hunger a constant problem, the Native Americans had started stealing cattle and Chivington sent troops after them. Along the Smoky Hill River in Kansas, May 15, 1864 the Colorado 1st cavalry rode towards Lean Bear’s village. The chief had been to Washington as a delegate the past year and received a Presidential Peace Medal. The chief rode out with the peace medal and documents from the treaty. Without warning the soldiers shot and killed Lean Bear and his companion, shooting them again as they lay on the ground. A short fight ensued with the Cheyenne. Other smaller fights with bands of Cheyenne happened in the summer. According to Cheyenne and Arapaho, this was the start of the war.</p> <p>Retaliatory raids followed the killing of Lean Bear, mostly in Kansas by the Dog Soldiers. Not as much happened in Colorado but the worst incident was the Hungate Massacre where four members, including two children were killed and horribly mutilated, in a way more vicious than usual. It was later determined it was Northern Arapaho who were responsible.</p> <p>This killing sparked a panic in Denver with fears of a general Indian attempt to wipe out the whites and a general assault on Denver. There were plenty of false alarms. This led territorial Governor John Evans to ask for and receive funds for creating a hundred days volunteers (the length of service), the Third Colorado Cavalry, giving Colorado three voluntary cavalry regiments.</p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>Cooler heads seemed to prevail on September 4 when the peace chief One Eye approached Fort Lyon in southeastern Colorado, near Las Animas, with peace proposals. Despite the order to shoot any Indian on sight, he was allowed to see the fort’s commandant, Edward Wynkoop, who was persuaded to visit the village on the Smoky Hill River in Kansas. With a detachment of soldiers Wynkoop met with the peace chiefs, including Black Kettle, White Antelope of the Cheyenne and Left Hand of the Arapaho. An agreement was reached and the group went to Denver. Governor Evans tried to avoid meeting with the chiefs but finally did, believing that making peace would show the territory to be ‘whipped'. It was agreed that if the chiefs wanted to be friendly towards the government they had to camp in the reservation area, and were given a flag to fly to show their allegiance.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span><span><span><span><span><span>The chiefs went back to their village on Smoky Hill and brought their followers to Fort Lyon. However rumors spread that Wynkoop was letting the Cheyenne run things and he was replaced by Maj. Scott Anthony. After Anthony arrived he had the Native village relocated north and east of the fort along the seasonal stream of Sand Creek, informing them they were prisoners of the government. He also employed One Eye to keep him informed about movements of ‘hostile indians’.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p>Meanwhile Evans was worried about his Third Calvary. He had asked for special funds for them and since they had only seen one minor skirmish newspapers were starting to call them ‘The Bloodless Third’. Evans was concerned that if the Third mustered out without any battle Washington would think he was misrepresenting the situation. Wynkoop wrote that Evans said ‘..therefore there must be something for the third regiment to do'.</p> <p>Chivington gave orders to march, protecting the stage line in Kansas as the reason. Taking command Chivington took the entire Third, and three companies of the First and headed south from Denver reaching Fort Fillmore near Pueblo in deep snow. Then they struck east towards Fort Lyon. Along the way Chivington sent a small detachment to guard William Bent’s ranch, who had married into the tribe at Sand Creek, to stop any alarm. Just outside the fort Cpt. Silas S. Soule, who was with Wynkoop at the peace negotiations, met Chivington and stressed the natives at Sand Creek were considered prisoners. Soule stated later an officer was overheard saying ‘They won’t be prisoners after we get there.’</p> <p>Chivington’s arrival on November 28 at noon, especially with such a force, was a surprise to Major Anthony. Chivington had a cordon put up around the fort with orders that no was to leave on pain of death, according to Lt. Joseph Cramer ‘ a thief in the night throwing his scouts around the post.’  Getting over his surprise Anthony welcomed Chivington and pledged his willingness to attack. Preparation began for preparing camp, the men taking rations and forage for the horses. The plan was to leave at 8 pm and march through the night to gain a surprise attack.</p> <p>Early in the evening Chivington had a meeting with several officers. Cpt. Soule and his friend and fellow officer, Lt. Joseph Cramer, had previously objected to the plan of attack to Maj. Anthony, their superior, but without success. Others began to object to Chivington’s plan, who eventually exploded in rage, stating ‘Damn any man who is in sympathy with an Indian.’</p> <p>Colorado’s day of infamy was approaching. Check back for part <a href="">2</a> of <a href="">3</a> posted here soon.</p> <p><em>Guest blog contributed by Brian Johnson.</em><br />  </p></div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/cultural-inclusivity" hreflang="en">Cultural Inclusivity</a>, </span> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/sand-creek-massacre" hreflang="en">Sand Creek Massacre</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/indigenous-peoples" hreflang="en">indigenous peoples</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/cheyenne" hreflang="en">Cheyenne</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/arapaho" hreflang="en">Arapaho</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/treaty-fort-wise" hreflang="en">Treaty of Fort Wise</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/camp-weld-council" hreflang="en">camp weld council</a></div> </div> <section> <h2>Leave a comment</h2> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderForm" arguments="0=node&amp;1=487325&amp;2=comment_no_subject&amp;3=comment" token="qaN0t6Zs_V6f4jt1aR7NOrUCyOn9zClog6in3m4jN9s"></drupal-render-placeholder> </section> Mon, 23 Nov 2020 21:00:24 +0000 Dodie 487325 at Don't Miss the Vote! Casting an Informed Ballot in 2020 <span>Don&#039;t Miss the Vote! Casting an Informed Ballot in 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/10/Election%20Blog%20Photo.jpg?itok=9WcF72go" width="200" height="138" alt="Photo of poll worker handing an &quot;I Voted&quot; sticker to a voter" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/lauren" lang="" about="/users/lauren" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Lauren</a></span> <span>October 11, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>It's been a year of many things and one of those things is an election. The 2020 General Election is on&nbsp;Tuesday, November 3, only 23&nbsp;days away. Colorado sent its mail ballots out this past Friday, October 9. In the past, I've joked about taking my sweet time to turn in my ballot. This year we've not a moment to lose, so let's cut to the chase on how you can confidently cast your vote by the time polls close.</p> <p><strong>Step 1: Registration</strong><br /> Are you <a href="">registered to vote</a>? Do you remember whether you are or not? Did you move? Is it more complicated for you than the things I just said? Don't worry!&nbsp;Colorado is one of the few states where you can register to vote until Election Day (although after October 26 you will not be able to get a mail ballot). The Secretary of State's Office manages the state's voting registration and has an&nbsp;<a href="">FAQ</a>&nbsp;to get you started.</p> <p>Mail ballots started going out Friday, October 9. (Please note that Colorado settled <a href="">a lawsuit</a>&nbsp;with the U.S. Postal Service in September over misleading postcards mailed to voters.) If you're in Denver County, make sure to check out the Denver Elections Division&nbsp;<a href="">page</a>&nbsp;for more information about where to vote in Denver, track your ballot, etc. If you do not live in Denver County, check your local county's elections department for more information about your local election.</p> <p>9News has also created a <a href="">multi-part Voter's Guide</a>&nbsp;with more nuts and bolts on topics like how to vote in a pandemic. The Colorado Talking Book Library has recorded and downloadable&nbsp;information from <a href="">several sources</a> on voters with disabilities.</p> <p><strong>Step 2: Researching the Ballot in General</strong><br /> Be aware: this year's ballot is <strong>huge</strong>. It's metaphorically huge in terms of determining our executive and legislative representation in Washington. It's also literally huge. I looked at a sample of Denver's&nbsp;ballot and it&nbsp;is six pages long, including eleven&nbsp;statewide ballot measures and twelve local ones. There is a lot of research to be done to fill out the whole ballot.&nbsp;</p> <p>Thankfully, Colorado works hard to inform our voters. Every election year, every mailbox should get&nbsp;a free copy of what is known colloquially as "the Blue Book." The Blue Book comes from the Legislative Council Staff at the Colorado General Assembly (a.k.a., The State House).&nbsp;The Blue Book breaks down ballot measures by offering the full text, a summary and analysis for those of us without law degrees, and arguments for and against each measure. The print version includes judicial evaluations as well.</p> <p>You can also download a digital Blue Book for&nbsp;<a href="">free</a>&nbsp;(English and Spanish!). Please note that a digital version of judicial performance summaries is&nbsp;<a href="">available online</a>, but comes from the Office of Judicial Performance Evaluation. For those who prefer an audio format, the Colorado Talking Book Library has a recorded version that can be accessed&nbsp;<a href="">online</a>. (For those who use the physical cartridge, please call CTBL at&nbsp;303-727-9277.)</p> <p>The League of Women Voters Colorado (LWVCO) publishes their own pro/con pamphlet, which can be downloaded for free from&nbsp;<a href=";club_id=314195&amp;module_id=414279">this&nbsp;page</a> in both English and Spanish. The Denver chapter also has a <a href="">page with links </a>to both state and local pro/con information.&nbsp;<strong>Important Distinction</strong>: The pro/con pamphlets summarize&nbsp;issues and positions, and are distinct from&nbsp;LWVCO's&nbsp;position statements, which express the organization's specific opinions on measures.</p> <p>Denver Elections Division also publishes a <a href="">ballot issue book</a>. For those outside Denver County, check your local county's elections webpage for information about local issues.&nbsp;</p> <p>Denver Public Library will also be holding five virtual information sessions&nbsp;featuring the League of Women Voters. Click the links below to register for the following sessions:</p> <ul> <li>State Ballot Issue Sessions will be on <a href="">Saturday, October 17 at 11 a.m</a>.;&nbsp;<a href="">Wednesday, October 21 at 6 p.m</a>.; and <a href="">Saturday, October 31 at 11 a.m</a>.<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>Local Ballot Issue Sessions will be on <a href="">Saturday, October 24 at 11 a.m</a>.; and, <a href="">Monday,&nbsp;October 26 at 6 p.m</a>.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Step 3: Researching Specific Ballot Questions</strong><br /> Those eleven statewide ballot measures cover a lot of ground, including wolves, property and income taxes, and paid family medical leave. It's rare to find national coverage that really sinks its teeth into what's happening in Colorado, so you'll have to seek out your trusted local media sources. What are those? I can't speak for you, but I can point out a few that you might want to check out.</p> <p>The&nbsp;<em>Denver Post</em>&nbsp;has a paywall to online content that can prevent non-subscribers from accessing its&nbsp;<a href="">political coverage</a>. However, DPL's&nbsp;<a href="">Newspapers</a>&nbsp;page contains coverage from all over the country without asking you to get out your wallet. In particular, <a href=";t=country:USA!USA">America's Newspapers</a> gives you access to more than&nbsp;100 Colorado publications.&nbsp;</p> <p>We are also blessed with robust, free, local media coverage. Here are a few places to get started:</p> <ul> <li>The&nbsp;<em>Colorado Sun</em>&nbsp;has a <a href="">comprehensive overview</a> to the state ballot questions alongside links to specific articles that let you dig into the issues.<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>Colorado Public Radio's election coverage is available&nbsp;<a href="">for free</a>&nbsp;online and over the airwaves. For those without cable or a TV, CPR also broadcasts major debates live on 90.1FM.&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>Recently, CPR combined forces with news site Denverite. Denverite's <a href="">2020 election coverage</a> includes some analysis on issues local to Denver.<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>CPR also has podcasts, including past episodes of <a href="">Colorado Matters</a>. The political podcast&nbsp;<a href="">Purplish</a>&nbsp;dives into historical context of current politics.&nbsp;And for those who really want to get into the stuff about taxes and the state budget,&nbsp;there's a whole other podcast on just on&nbsp;<a href="">TABOR</a>.&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>Local TV channels stream video and publish articles that are freely available online,&nbsp;and have their own versions of general election guides. Denver7 has one such guide <a href="">here</a>.</li> </ul> <p><b>Step 4: Researching the Candidates</b><br /> There are a lot of people who will appear on your ballot as well, some local and some in Washington, D.C.</p> <p>National information concerning news of the presidential race is&nbsp;pretty well covered by resources on our&nbsp;<a href="">Newspapers</a> page. We&nbsp;have access to current, full-text versions of big-name, paywalled papers&nbsp;like <a href=""><em>New York Times</em></a> and <a href=""><em>Wall Street Journal</em>&nbsp;</a>(plus other <a href="">Major Daily Newspapers</a>&nbsp;like <em>Washington Post </em>and <em>Los Angeles&nbsp;Times</em>).&nbsp;</p> <p>The most-watched race on the Front Range&nbsp;has former Mayor and Governor John Hickenlooper trying to snag the&nbsp;U.S. Senate Seat currently held by Cory Gardner. Gardner and Hickenlooper have already met for debate three times, on <a href="">October 3</a>, <a href="">October 6</a>, and <a href="">October 9</a>. The final debate&nbsp;between Gardner and Hickenlooper will air Tuesday, October&nbsp;13, at 6 p.m. This debate will be hosted by 9News in partnership with several&nbsp;local media outlets so that it may be viewed statewide. Read more <a href="">on 9News</a> to learn about how to watch this debate.</p> <p>Also on the ballot are all seven seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. CPR's comprehensive ballot guide has each House candidate <a href="">on the issues</a>&nbsp;(scroll down to see a side-by-side comparison of positions), as well as the RTD Board candidates.</p> <p>Many judges are also up for re-election across Colorado. Denverite has a&nbsp;guide for getting through the <a href="">judge retention section</a>&nbsp;of Denver's&nbsp;ballot.</p> <p>Last but not least, don't forget local candidates for the Colorado General Assembly. If you have an incumbent politician running, you can find them in the Assembly's&nbsp;<a href="">directory</a>&nbsp;to see what legislation they've participated in creating. This is where local media outlets are going to have the most information. You may also want to view&nbsp;personal websites or social media to gather information. Just remember: everyone is going to make themselves look good on their own website, so it's important to think critically about their claims and search across other media. I'm a big fan of video or audio interviews because I think they tell me a lot about a person.</p> <p><strong>Step 5: Recognize Misinformation and Disinformation</strong><br /> All election years are rife with a certain amount of spin, but many people in the information world have been raising flags about an unhealthy portion of <a href="">misinformation</a> and <a href="">disinformation</a>&nbsp;(sometimes called "fake news") in our current environment. Here's a couple&nbsp;things to help you evaluate things you see that might be distorting the truth:</p> <ul> <li>Some of our local news stations fact-check claims on political ads. 9News's <em>Next with Kyle Clark</em> has a series called "<a href="">Truth Tests</a>" and CBS4's Shaun Boyd hosts a series called "<a href="">Reality Check</a>".&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>There will be one session of Denver Public Library's virtual class on Disinformation and the Election<b>&nbsp;</b>on Tuesday, October 20 at 6 p.m. Register <a href="">here</a> for this virtual event.<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>There are fact-checking organizations dedicating to evaluating the truth of specific claims. Three reputable fact checkers are&nbsp;<a href=""></a>, <a href="">Politifact</a>, and <a href="">Snopes</a>.<br /> &nbsp;</li> <li>For broader information about misinformation and disinformation, there are a lot of resources out there. NPR released a <a href="">Life Kit</a> on the subject in 2019. I also found this&nbsp;<a href="">comprehensive guide</a> from the St. Louis Community College Library.&nbsp;News Literacy Project is an organization dedicated solely to media literacy, and they have some <a href="">tips and tools</a> to apply broadly to your news consumption.</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes,&nbsp;the onus is on us readers to put on our&nbsp;analysis hats&nbsp;as we&nbsp;read. For example, checking into a challenger for a House of Representatives seat, I found a website full of opinionated language, buzzwords clearly aimed at a specific set of values, and&nbsp;personal attacks on the opponent,&nbsp;but&nbsp;short on specific strategies. When I did a wider web search, I found the same thing carried over&nbsp;across local media outlets: the candidate stuck to personal attacks and vague promises. Is that what&nbsp;I want in a candidate? Would I feel comfortable casting a vote for this person?</p> <p><strong>Step 6: Return Your Ballot</strong><br /> CPR reporters have found the top reason ballots are rejected are problems with the ballot signature, and have created <a href="">this guide</a> to doing your utmost to make sure your vote is counted.</p> <p>Colorado Secretary of State <a href="">notes</a> that ballots must be <strong>received</strong>&nbsp;(not postmarked) by 7 p.m. on election night. Secretary of State has advised mailing ballots&nbsp;<a href="">no later than</a> October 26. After that point, they advise voting in-person&nbsp;or visiting a drop box.</p> <p>For a map of official polling centers and drop boxes (including a few DPL locations) in Denver, visit the <a href="">Denver Elections Division</a> website.&nbsp;</p> <p>When it's all over, take a deep breath and congratulate yourself for making your voice heard.&nbsp;</p> <p>Got questions? Check out our Elections&nbsp;<a href="">page</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="">Ask Us</a>&nbsp;or call Reference at 720.865.1363!</p> <p><em>The image&nbsp;used for this blog post is by Javier Manzano and&nbsp;was originally published in the </em>Rocky Mountain News<em>&nbsp;in 2008. This image is part of our <a href="">Digital Collections</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/vote" hreflang="en">vote</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/voting" hreflang="en">voting</a></div> </div> <section> </section> Sun, 11 Oct 2020 17:25:43 +0000 Lauren 448045 at How to Volunteer Remotely <span>How to Volunteer Remotely</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/08/denver.jpg?itok=-bl54QKi" width="200" height="133" alt="Skyline of Denver" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/users/lisa" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Lisa</span></span> <span>August 17, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>During the pandemic, many of us are greatly restricted in our ability to work and socialize.&nbsp;At the same time, nonprofits are trying to meet increased demand for services, while losing funding and volunteers.&nbsp;Fortunately, there are lots of options for those who have the time and the means to give back to the community, ranging from "rounding up" in stores to picking up groceries for a neighbor.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>DPL librarian Maryanne Flynn has been volunteering from home for&nbsp;Mile High United Way (MHUW), and we asked her about her experience.&nbsp; Below are her insights on being a virtual volunteer, and some suggestions of other ways to contribute to worthwhile organizations.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>1.&nbsp; <em>Tell us about what you do for MHUW</em></p> <p>Currently, I do Quality Assurance calls for the MHUW. About a month after someone calls 211 for assistance, I'll call back the individual (only those that gave us permission to call back), and ask them if they had a chance to follow up on the resources 211 provided for them. This is important so that if 211 is giving out referrals, say, to a Food Pantry that has closed down, this is one way to find out and stop giving out "bad" referrals. We also ask about the quality of the conversation the customer had with the 211 operator when they called, to ensure the call center folks are providing a high level of compassionate&nbsp;service.&nbsp;</p> <p>2.&nbsp; <em>Why&nbsp;did you choose this organization?&nbsp;</em>&nbsp;</p> <p>MHUW is, to me, the heartbeat of the nonprofit community in Denver and the surrounding areas. They use data (much of it gathered from 211 inquiries) to take the pulse of&nbsp;the needs in our community, and then they support nonprofits based where the highest needs are. They also do a tremendously&nbsp;effective job of fostering Corporate Social Responsibility&nbsp;by bringing in local businesses into their fold and leveraging them as volunteers (and donors) around town where help is needed.&nbsp;And, another hat I wear is Chair Emeritus of the City Year Denver Board. MHUW has granted money to City Year and that grant also came with free consulting on how to better engage and retain our nonprofit employees. They really care about the nonprofits' organizational health.</p> <p>Also, Christine Benero, their CEO, is a member of the Junior League, and I heard her speak several years ago and she inspired me. She's my Shero.&nbsp;</p> <p>3.&nbsp; <em>What's the most rewarding aspect of donating your time during the pandemic?</em></p> <p>I'm practicing strict social distancing. I don't go out except to walk my dog around the neighborhood and an occasional&nbsp;masked 6-feet-apart walk with friends. So I've been lonely. I miss the library and interacting with customers and co-workers in&nbsp;person. The most rewarding aspect of this volunteer gig from an emotional standpoint is that I have the opportunity to talk with people outside my household and check in on them, make sure they're doing ok. I've had some really fun conversations and that human interaction brightens my day. On an intellectual level, I also love this because I'm getting the chance to directly interact with people who are most affected by this pandemic, and it's bringing me a more detailed understanding of the challenges they are experiencing. This helps me be a better librarian&nbsp;so I can help figure out more effective ways to assist them.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>If you'd like to give back by volunteering remotely, here are some options:</p> <ul> <li><a href=";pageNum=0">Linkedin</a> has a large selection of opportunities, many of which will allow you to use professional skills such as brochure writing, logo design, or creating an organizational chart.&nbsp;&nbsp;</li> <li>Volunteer locally or globally using <a href="">Volunteer Match</a>&nbsp;to find projects that are virtual&nbsp;or are social-distancing-friendly, such as doing some gardening for <a href="">Animal Assisted Therapy Programs of Colorado.</a></li> <li><a href=";gclsrc=aw.ds">Power Of </a>has some interesting and fun things to do, such as holding a virtual baby shower for military babies or being a radio announcer.&nbsp;&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Easy ways to help:</p> <ul> <li>Round up when making a purchase.</li> <li>Give&nbsp;to your favorite nonprofit by making a digital donation.&nbsp;For example, you can help a kid get a computer for at-home learning&nbsp;by donating to organizations such as <a href="">PCs For People</a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</li> <li>Send a gift card for coffee to a front-line worker through PayPal or Venmo.&nbsp;</li> <li>Support local businesses by buying gift cards for future purchases&nbsp;or by purchasing deliveries or curbside pickup of meals for yourself or someone in need.&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Need help with your nonprofit?&nbsp;Contact <a href="">Reference Services</a> and learn how to find funding partners using the <a href=""><em>Foundation Directory Online</em></a>.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><i>In response to the current health emergency, we are currently not providing in-person services. But we're here for you—please contact us through our online chat service&nbsp;<a href="">Ask Us!&nbsp;or by&nbsp;email.</a></i></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/volunteerism" hreflang="en">Volunteerism</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/nonprofits" hreflang="en">nonprofits</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/lisa%27s-blog" hreflang="en">Lisa&#039;s Blog</a></div> </div> <section> </section> Mon, 17 Aug 2020 17:53:17 +0000 Lisa 393384 at What Can I Do To Help? Making a Difference During Tough Times <span>What Can I Do To Help? Making a Difference During Tough Times</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/06/maryannblog.jpg?itok=oeEf8w3v" width="200" height="116" alt="MLK, Jr. quote: Everybody can be great because anybody can serve" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><a title="View user profile." href="/users/mflynn" lang="" about="/users/mflynn" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Maf</a></span> <span>June 11, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Sometimes the news can be overwhelming, with recent reports of illness, financial straits, political strife, and needless deaths. It can start to feel as though no <em>one</em> of us can take enough action to be a positive force in our society, because the problems are just too many and too big.</p> <p>Don’t despair. This is a common feeling and reaction we have as humans.</p> <p>“Everybody can be great...Because anybody can serve.” — Martin Luther King, Jr.</p> <p>“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world, indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” — Margaret Meade</p> <p>There are many ways you can help in the community and make a difference. In my household, voluntarism is a way of life, but we’re also social distancing to protect elderly members of our family susceptible to the COVID-19 virus. So in the last several months, we’ve been looking for ways to volunteer remotely from home. Here are some resources to find available volunteer opportunities that are virtual or in-person:</p> <ul> <li> <p><a href=",%20CO,%20USA">Volunteer Match</a>: They have an option here for not only traditional, in-person volunteer opportunities, but also “virtual” volunteering opportunities in locations all over the country.</p> </li> <li> <p><a href="">Mile High United Way</a> has in-person and virtual ways to volunteer for nonprofits throughout the greater Denver area.</p> </li> <li> <p><a href=";searchMode=true"></a> also has volunteer opportunities available throughout the United States (just make sure you select the “volunteer” option).</p> </li> </ul> <p>In-person volunteering options:</p> <ul> <li> <p><a href="">Volunteers of America</a> (VOA)</p> </li> <li> <p><a href="">Spark the Change</a> (formerly known as Metro Volunteers)</p> </li> </ul> <p>Most nonprofit organizations also post available volunteer opportunities on their websites, too, so if you have one in mind, look them up online, or you can contact <a href="">Reference Services</a> at the Denver Public Library for help. We’re here for you.</p> <p>Another way to use your time and talent is through volunteering in our government. Each county and city has boards and commissions, where you can shape the future of policies, hiring practices, and rules. For example, in the <a href="">City and County of Denver</a> there are more than 700 people serving as volunteers for more than 130 boards and commissions. Some of them include: Denver African American Commission, The Bicycling Advisory Committee, the Civil Service Commission, The Denver Early Childhood Council, the Housing Authority, and the Judicial Disciplinary Commission.</p> <p>The state of Colorado has <a href="">300 boards and commissions</a>. Some of them include: Colorado Tourism Office, Veterans Affairs, Colorado Commission on the Aging, Lottery Commission, Mental Health Advisory Board, and Wine Industry Development Board.&nbsp;</p> <p>2020 is an election year, so there is no shortage of political campaigns looking for volunteers. If there is a candidate or political party you are interested in supporting, volunteer opportunities are usually posted on their websites.</p> <p>There are also non-partisan organizations that are looking for volunteers to help register voters, educate voters, and host debates, such as <a href="">League of Women Voters</a> and <a href="">Rock the Vote</a>.</p> <p>So, remember, when things get overwhelming, think of what author Cheryl Strayed wrote in her book “Tiny Beautiful Things”: “You will learn a lot about yourself if you stretch in the direction of goodness, of bigness, of kindness, of forgiveness, of emotional bravery. Be a Warrior Of Love.”</p> <p>The Denver Public Library is here for you! If you work or volunteer in the nonprofit sector please check out the <a href="">NonProfit Resource Center</a> at DPL. We are conducting <a href="">1:1 appointments</a> virtually, even though our locations are currently closed. And, to find out more about nonprofits, check out our collection of <a href="">online database</a> and additional resources.</p> <p>References:</p> <p>Frank, Leonard Roy. <em>Random House Webster’s Quotationary</em>. New York, Random House, 2008.</p> <p>Merriam-Webster. <em>Webster’s Dictionary of Quotations</em>. New York, Smithmark, 1995.</p> <p>We're here for you! Please contact us through our online chat service <a href="">Ask Us!</a> or by <a href="">email</a>.</p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <section> </section> Thu, 11 Jun 2020 22:02:51 +0000 Maf 357230 at Cooking at Home with Free Online Books <span>Cooking at Home with Free Online Books</span> <div class="field field--name-field-blog-image field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <a href=""><img src="/sites/dplorg/files/styles/blog_inline/public/2020/04/download.jpg?itok=USa0uU-_" width="200" height="200" alt="1950s Housewife with a tray of food" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </a> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/users/lisa" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Lisa</span></span> <span>May 14, 2020</span> <div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field--item"><p>According to a recent survey,&nbsp;<a href="">&nbsp;Americans are cooking more at home, and plan on continuing their newfound skills after the Covid 19 crisis is over.</a>&nbsp; This is good news for public health, since<a href=""> studies show</a> that home cooking is healthier and less caloric than eating out.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>The Denver Public Library has some great options whether you're just starting out, or are a veteran gourmet cook.&nbsp; You can choose <a href=";mediaType=ebook&amp;sortBy=newlyadded">from over 550 eBooks</a>, all available with your <a href="">DPL card.</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>If you have some time on your hands, and want to learn to cook a&nbsp;delicious meal for future dinner parties, try&nbsp;Julia Child's<strong> </strong><em><a href="">Mastering the Art of French Cooking,</a> </em>which&nbsp;has something&nbsp;for cooks at every level and&nbsp;over 500&nbsp;recipes.&nbsp; Although this is a cookbook with no pictures, the instructions in&nbsp;this classic are easy to follow and produce elegant results.&nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Another option for&nbsp;mastering the basics is the charming food writer and chef&nbsp;<a href="">Samin Nosrat's</a> <a href=""><em>Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat:&nbsp; Mastering the Elements of Good Cooking.</em>&nbsp;</a> Novice&nbsp;and experienced cooks alike can hone their skills using four elements - salt to enhance flavor, fat which delivers flavor, acid which balances flavor, and heat which determines the texture of food.&nbsp; Approachably written and beautifully illustrated.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>If you&nbsp;need something simpler, there are cookbooks for speedy&nbsp;and manageable&nbsp;meals, such as&nbsp;<em><a href="">Quick and Easy:&nbsp; Better Homes &amp; Gardens 365 30-Minute Meals,</a> <a href="">Rachael Ray 365:&nbsp; No Repeats - A Year of Deliciously Different Dinners,</a>&nbsp;</em>and from<em>&nbsp;</em>America's Test Kitchen <em><a href="">The&nbsp;Best Simple Recipes.</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> <p>Do you have an aspiring chef?&nbsp; Kids aged&nbsp;6-12 can learn cooking basics with <a href=""><em>Cooking Class:&nbsp; 57 Fun Recipes Kids will Love to Make (and Eat)!&nbsp;</em></a><strong> </strong>Lots of pictures, and seven sections that<strong> </strong>cover the basics, including main courses, snacks and dessert.&nbsp; There's even information on setting the table, folding napkins, and cleaning up.&nbsp; &nbsp;And&nbsp;<a href=""><em>The Complete Baking Book for Young Chefs</em> </a>has recipes that&nbsp;were thoroughly tested by more than 5,000 kids to get them just right.&nbsp; Learn to bake pretzels, breads, pizzas, cookies, cupcakes, and even empanadas.&nbsp; It has step-by-step photos of tips and techniques to instill confidence in young cooks.</p> <p>If you want to cook like a celebrity, try&nbsp;<a href=""><em>Cravings<b>:&nbsp; </b>Hungry for More</em>&nbsp;</a>by model turned TV personality&nbsp;Chrissy Teigen.&nbsp; She&nbsp; shares her favorite recipes, including&nbsp;Roasted Carrot and Avocado Salad with Lime Dressing,&nbsp;Pan-Seared Fish with Herby Browned Butter, and husband John Legend’s famous fried chicken with spicy honey butter.&nbsp;</p> <p>Or, try the late poet&nbsp;Maya Angelou's second cookbook, <a href=""><em>Great Food, All Day Long,</em></a> which<strong>&nbsp;</strong>focuses on food that's full of flavor and meant to be eaten in moderation, and was inspired by her own dramatic weight loss.&nbsp; Recipes include All Day and Night Cornbread and Swedish Hash.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>If you'd like to explore food from different cultures, there's <em><a href="">Aarti Paarti:&nbsp;&nbsp;An American Kitchen with an Indian Soul</a><b><a href="">.</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;</b></em>Food Network star Aarti Sequeira weaves Indian and Middle Eastern recipes with American ones, featuring dishes such as&nbsp;Cornflake &amp; Kaya French Toast, Indian Street Corn and Bombay Sloppy Joes.&nbsp; The opening essays in each chapter alone are worth reading.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>For comfort food&nbsp;Vietnamese-style, try <a href=""><em>The Pho Cookbook</em></a>&nbsp;by Andrea Nguyen and learn to make the broth and noodle soup more than fifty ways, including vegetarian and gluten free options.&nbsp; Winner of the 2018 James Beard Foundation Book Award in the "Single Subject" category, it contains beautiful and evocative photographs to inspire you.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>The library also has a great selection of cooking magazines for cardholders through <a href="">RB Digitial</a>, including Gourmet de Mexico (Spanish language),&nbsp;Cook's Illustrated,&nbsp;Bon Appetit, Food Network Magazine, and Vegan Life.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>Need help with eBooks?&nbsp; Check out <a href="">Overdrive Help,</a> or <a href="">contact the library.</a></p> <p><i>In response to the current health emergency, we are currently not providing in-person services. But we're here for you—please contact us through our online chat service&nbsp;<a href="" tabindex="-1">Ask Us!</a>&nbsp;or by&nbsp;<a href="" tabindex="-1">email</a>.</i></p> </div> <div class="field field--inline field--name-blog-categories field--type-entity-reference field__items"> <span class="field__item"><a href="/category/blog-categories/research" hreflang="en">Research</a></span> </div> <div class="field field--name-free-tagging field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/cooking" hreflang="en">cooking</a></div> <div class="field--item"><a href="/category/free-tagging/lisa%27s-blog" hreflang="en">Lisa&#039;s Blog</a></div> </div> <section> <h2>Comments</h2> <article data-comment-user-id="0" id="comment-10216" about="/comment/10216" typeof="schema:Comment" class="js-comment"> <mark class="hidden" data-comment-timestamp="1590348463"></mark> <footer> <p><span rel="schema:author"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Shelby Forsyth</span></span> on May 24, 2020 <span property="schema:dateCreated" content="2020-05-24T19:27:43+00:00" class="hidden"></span> </p> </footer> <div> <div class="field field--name-comment-body field--type-text-long field--label-visually_hidden"> <div class="field--label sr-only">Comment</div> <div property="schema:text" class="field--item"><p>I had no idea Maya Angelou wrote cookbooks! Interesting stuff.</p> </div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="comment.lazy_builders:renderLinks" arguments="0=10216&amp;1=default&amp;2=en&amp;3=" token="cVAaGQeJyAnoiklXgCZvd_ZashlUmT8QH_af8mBc4E0"></drupal-render-placeholder> </div> </article> </section> Thu, 14 May 2020 15:28:40 +0000 Lisa 350607 at