Seventy years of Soviet control of Ukraine ended in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. During that time Ukraine suffered extensive famines, deportation of its citizens, and repopulation of its country by ethnic Russians. After independence, Ukraine aligned more with the west, resulting in escalating tension between ethnic Russians and Ukrainians. In 2014, Russia annexed the Crimea region of Ukraine, fueling an ongoing low-level civil war fed by Russian influence. This past April Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko was defeated by Volodymyr Zelensky, an actor/comedian who played the President in a popular television show. Join Active Minds as we review the history, present issues, and future challenges of this former Soviet satellite country.