"Black Man" - Who is Stevie Singing About?
I was listening to Stevie Wonder's Songs in the Key of Life on our new record player recently and the track "Black Man" came on. I have to admit that I didn't really know this one but it's great, just like the entire album is great.
The album was released in 1976 - the bicentennial of the U.S. The song, co-written with Gary Byrd, is a reminder that "we all played a part in America"... men and women of "all colors, all races". The song lists (or at least references) about twenty individuals with a brief note about how they contributed.
I've included the chorus sections and then follow with links to magazine and encyclopedia articles, books, DVDs, etc. to learn more about all these great people.
We pledge allegiance, all our lives
To the magic colors, Red, blue and white
But we all must be given the liberty that we defend
For with justice not for all men history will repeat again
It's time we learned
This World Was Made For All Men
Now I know the birthday of a nation
Is a time when a country celebrates
But as your hand touches your heart
Remember we all played a part in America
To help that banner wave
This world was made for all men
God saved His world for all men
All people, All babies, All children, All colors, All races
This world's for you and me
This world, My world, Your world, Everybody's world
This world, Their world ,Our world
This world was made for all men
Crispus Attucks - the first man to die for the flag we now hold high
Pedro Alonzo Niño - the guide of a ship on the first Columbus trip
Dr Daniel Hale Williams - the first man to successfully perform heart surgery
Squanto - helped the Pilgrims to survive
César Chávez - lifted farm workers' rights to new heights
Thomas Edison - invented incandescent light
Benjamin Banneker - helped design the nation's capitol, made the first clock to give time in America and wrote the first almanac
Sacagawea - scout who used no chart to help Lewis and Clark
Abraham Lincoln - leader with a pen who signed his name to free all men
Matthew Henson - first man to set foot on the North Pole
Sing Kee - soldier of Company G who won high honors for his courage and heroism in World War I
Dr. Charles Drew - founder of blood plasma and the director of the Red Cross blood bank
Hayakawa - famous educator and semanticist who made outstanding contributions to education in America
Garrett Morgan - invented the world's first stop light and the gas mask
Harvey Williams Cushing - American surgeon who was one of the founders of neurosurgery
Hiawatha - legendary hero who helped establish the League of Iroquois
Michio Kushi - leader of the first macrobiotic center in America
Jean Baptiste - founder of the city of Chicago in 1772
Dennis Banks - one of the organizers of the American Indian Movement
Luis de Santangel - Jewish financier who raised founds to sponsor Christopher Columbus' voyage to America
Harriet Tubman - woman who led countless slaves to freedom on the underground railroad
The people mentioned in Stevie Wonder's song can be explored in the online databases provided to customers of the Denver Public Library. Most of the databases are available remotely to customers with a Denver Public Library card.
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